Biomass Briquettes are made from the Agricultural waste, Forest Waste and Industrial Waste. It is converted into solid cylindrical shape. The major residues are Rice Husk, Coffee Husk, Coir Pitch, Jute Sticks, Sugarcane Baggasse, Groundnut Shell, Mustard Stalks, Cotton Stalks, Sawdust, Caster Sedd Shells / Stalk, Wood Chips, Bamboo Dust, Tobacco Waste, Tea Waste, Paddy Straw, Wheat Straw, Sunflower Stalk, Palm Husk, Soyabean Husk, Veneer Residues, Barks and Straws, Forestry waste, Seeds Cases etc., Briquettes are the only Binding. Biomass briquettes are eco-friendly renewable source of energy and avoid adding fossil carbon to the atmosphere.
A number of companies in India have switched from furnace oil to biomass briquettes to save costs on boiler fuels. The use of biomass briquettes is predominant in the southern parts of India, where coal and furnace oil are being replaced by biomass briquettes. A number of units in North India are also using biomass briquettes as boiler fuel. Use of biomass briquettes can earn Carbon Credits for reducing emissions in the atmosphere. Biomass briquettes also provide more calorific value/kg and save around 30-40 percent of boiler fuel costs.
Bio-mass briquette is one which takes a waste products such as saw dust, compresses it and then extrudes it to make a reconsistuted log which can replace firewood. It is a very similar process to forming a wood pellet but on a larger scale. There are no binders involved in this process. The natural lignin in the wood binds the particles of wood together to form a solid. Burning a wood briquette is far more efficient than burning firewood. Moisture content of a briquette can be as low as 4%, where as green firewood may be as high as 65%.
Raw Materials used
- Groundnut Shell
- Saw Dust
- Coir Pith
- Sugarcane Bagasse
- Coffee Husk
- Tobacco stems.
- Charcoal Powder
Depending upon the customer's requirement of using Raw materials and availability, it can be tried and presented. The above material can be individually Briquetted or in mixed form also.
Products and its Advantage
- Fuel Briquettes are used to replace conventional fuels like coal, firewood in heating and steam generation etc.,
- Briquettes have the advantage of having high risk colorific value ranging 3500-5000 K cal.Kg depending upon the raw material used.
- Briquettes do not emit smoke with sulfur or phosphorus and also fly ash. Hence no need of pollution control equipments.
- Briquetted fuel is sized 80mm in diameter and 50-350mm in length screw type and 45-60mm in diameter in ram type to get complete combution.
- Easy handling, storage and transportation as the briquettes are uniform in diameter and can also be packed in bags.
- Employment potentiality
- Conversion of natural resources (wastage) into hi-tech energy & maintenance of ecological balance
Ã¢â‚¬Â¢ Briquetted fuels, as it is made out of agro waste can be made easily available and there is an advantage of bulky garbage reused with high fuel efficiency.
Uses of Finished Briquettes in various Industries [ Thermal Application ]
- Gasifier System applications
- Refractory Industries
- Chemical Industires
- Vegetable Plants
- Leather Industries
- Milk Plant
- Spinning Mill
- Rubber Industries
- Textile Units
- Dyeing Units
- Brick making units
- Ceramic Industries
- Solvent Extraction Plant
- Food Processing Industries
- Lamination Industries
- Any Industrial Thermal Applications
- Bio coal is a forth coming fuel of the world. It's a high quality assest towards economical, ecological and advanced environmental company policy.
A Briquette is an Ideal Fuel due to
- Eco friendly and Renewable Energy Fuel.
- Economical and Cheaper than other solid fuels ie. Coal and Wood.
- Higher Thermal calorific value around 4000 Kcal/Kg.
- Pollution free because there is no sulphur or any hazardous materials.
- Lower ash content 2 to 5%. There is no fly ash when burnt.
- Consistent high burning efficiency due to the low moisture.
- Contain High Density and Higher Fix Carbon Value.
- Easy for Transportation, feeding & combution due to unique shape.
- Combution is more uniform compared to other fuels.
- Good Market due to rise in price of Fossile Fuels.
Agro Waste briquettes have benifits over coal like
- Easy handling, packing and transportation of briquettes can be made in any conventional length and diameter.
- Low ash content below 10% in comparison to coal 25 to 40% resulting in less boiler ash disposal problems.
- Regular supply of briquettes do not suffer from transportation bottle necks as the plant can be set up near raws areas.
- There will be no corrosion effect on boiler equipments resulting in negligible maintanance cost. Coal on the other hand produces sulphur dioxide, which on mixing with moisture produces sulphuric acid an corrosive acid.
- It has low ignition point, when compared to coal.
- It gives sutained combution and more efficient combution than loose agro wastes.
- It is a clean fuel.
- No gas and effuluents like coal. So no health hazards.
- Easy Handling compared to loose husk and fire wood. Can be mixed with coal and fire wood of inferior quality which improves burning.
- Bruquettes are Cheaper than coal.
- High Sulphur content of oil and coal, when burnt, pollutes the environment. There is no sulfur in briquettes. Biomass briquettes have a higher practical thermal value and much lower ash content 2-10% compared to 20-40% in coal.
- There is no fly ash in burning briquettes.
- Briquettes have a consistent quality, have high burning efficiency are ideally sized for complete combution. Combution is more uniform compared to coal and boiler response to change in steam requirements is faster due to higher quantity of volatile matter in briquettes.
- Briquettes are usually produced near the consumption centers and supplies don't depend on erratic transport from long distances.